Egyptian Astronomy: 1. The Sphinx and Zep Tepi


Great Sphinx, Wikipedia

Monuments of Ancient Egypt

We, at Kanayama Megaliths, have been studying the Egyptian monuments in order to understand their megalithic calendar. The Message of the Sphinx has been an excellent resource. 

Ref:  The Message of the Sphinx by Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval, 1996.

This book shows that the Great Sphinx and the Giza pyramids are a system and a monument to Zep Tepi, The First Time. The authors explain what it means in astronomical terms. Sifting through physical evidence and running astronomical software to visualize ancient skies, they came to stunning conclusions. We will refer to figures from their book.

Giza Pyramids

All Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids, Wikipedia

Please keep in mind that the great Giza pyramids were never intended to serve as tombs. They were places of high initiation, of preparation of the pharaoh into immortality when his soul after death joins the stars in the sky.

Zep Tepi

Zep Tepi, The First Time, is often refered to in the Egyptian texts, “the remote epoch when the gods were believed to have come to earth and established their kingdom in Egypt.” (p. 79). In the authors’ view, the First Time refers to the time long ago when Orion was at its lowest meridian point, just above the horizon toward the south. Now Orion appears quite high in the sky although it is still a southern constellation. The apparent movement of Orion in the sky is due to the earth’s precession cycle which is of duration 25,920 years. See Fig. 58 in the book.

Hancock and Bauval determined that this took place around 10,500 BCE. The leonine Sphinx may have been built at that time to face its image, the stellar constellation Leo, when the sun rose on vernal equinox morning.


Leo Constellation, Wikimedia Commons

As for the Giza pyramids, they were built about eight millenia later. However, they follow a plan that is connected to and consistent with the Sphinx. Thus there is a Giza system or a Giza Plan.

Giza Ground Plan


Orion Constellation

Hancock and Bauval show that the ground plan of the three great pyramids matches the pattern of three stars in Orion’s belt, while the Nile River represents the Milky Way galaxy in the sky. As the axiom goes, “As Above, so Below.” Orion is the stellar symbol of Osiris; Sirius is the symbol of his consort Isis.

Astronomical Conjunctions of Giza

The significant conjunctions of the Giza system at the time of Zep Tepi, 10,500 BCE are (see Fig. 30):

* Vernal equinox at dawn,

– The sun rises in Leo (conjunction of sun and Leo), and the Sphinx gazes at this conjunction in the east.

– At the same moment, Orion transits the meridian. This is mirrored by the three great pyramids.

* Summer solstice at dawn,

– The Milky Way is nearly vertical in the eastern sky.

– Orion transits the meridian 3.5 hours later. See Fig. 36.

* Conjunction of Sirius with the horizon:  Around 11,500 to 10,500 BCE Sirius appears for the first time in the sky, just above the horizon almost due south; it is seen only as far north as the Giza latitude of 30 degrees north. Sirius could not be seen from here before this time period;  the proper motion of Sirius in space has brought it into view.



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