Category Archives: Astronomy

May 22 and 23 at Senkoku-ishi

May 22, the second day of the dashed spotlight.

Today, the dashed light is clearer than it was yesterday. The bottom dash is slight, but it hits the corner. From tomorrow the width of this light becomes thicker and stronger; the light can be regarded as a dotted line until about the fifth day, the 25th of May.

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May 23, the third day of the dashed spotlight.

The observation is impressive today. A dash starts appearing one by one from the top. It takes about three minutes for up to six dashes to appear (see closeup below).

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この三角状の石面の凹凸も計算されているのでしょうか!? 完全に遊んでますね。

Is the roughness of this triangular stone surface deliberate? It plays perfectly!

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The dashed lights move downward. Approximately 3 minutes until the sixth dash appears. The six dashes will eventually disappear, one by one from the bottom. The show time of the dashed line spotlight continued for 30 minutes after it started.

 

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May 21 at Senkoku-ishi

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May 21 (Sun) First day of dashed line of light

Chunichi Shimbun reported the event.  Compared with yesterday, May 20th, we could clearly see four dashes of light today. We were interviewed by reporter Matsumoto from Chunichi Shimbun. It is the spotlight observation in Senkoku-ishi that takes place around 1 pm, thirty days before the summer solstice. The WEB NEWS is here Chubu Chunichi Shimbun (Hida) May 24, 2017. The visitors today were mainly from outside the prefecture. They began gathering at 12:30 pm.

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And at night we lit the Big Dipper cup-marks. We were worried there might be clouds, but fortunately we could see the starry sky. Visitors from the prefecture arrived at 7:30 pm.

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We could see the Big Dipper lying above us. Can you see it at the top of this photo? And low in the sky, Polaris sits above the megalithic group. This may be somewhat difficult to see but it is surely there in the photograph.

The Polar Star and the Big Dipper are far apart now, but about 5000 years ago they were closer. In other words, the North Star rotated around nearer the megaliths.

And when you connect seven of the nine cup-marks engraved on the megalith, the shape of the Big Dipper emerges. Isn’t it fantastic!

As you can see the picture above, the shapes of the actual Big Dipper and the stone cup-marks are mirror images. We do not know why this is so, but ancient people, in ruins around the world, also have inverted the shapes in the same way. And as to what the other two cup-marks mean … It seems that we contemporary people do not have any explanation.

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Most of the universe is unknown. Modern people have only a small amount of information of the whole, and there is no way we can even deny the possibilities of ancient times. In this sense, the Kanayama megalithic group can be said to be an instrument that not only measures time but also can measure the thinking power of people.

In any case … the enjoyment of the starry sky finished around 9:30 pm. We are considering starry sky viewing once more this summer, with the solar observation society in July or August. Next time, the Big Dipper will not be seen as it will be hidden behind a tree, but we want to do a cup-mark lighting. We want to watch the Amanogawa Milky Way and the Summer Triangle (of the stars Altair, Deneb, and Vega). We hope to share our passion with many of you.

 

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May 20 at Senkoku-ishi

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http://blog.livedoor.jp/kanayama_tour-kanayamamegaliths/archives/1066078821.html

2017年05月20日

夏至30日前★予告   30 days before Summer Solstice ★ Advance Notice

The temperature went up to 29 degrees, clear weather today. Daytime is green and the purple kiri (paulownia) is blooming. At night the kajika frog announces the beginning of summer.

Summer begins at the Kanayama Megaliths today. As usual, the Sekimen-ishi is the site of summer observations.

Inside the cavern at one in the afternoon, the entering spotlight is shown grazing the side of the megalith. Look carefully at the triangular protrusion and you’ll see two or three spots of light.

Today there are three spots. The dashed line will start to appear tomorrow, and the count-down begins. Today’s light is not clear; as in a leap-year, it alternates between two and three spots. The dashed-line spotlight will be clear and will certainly be recognized by everyone watching tomorrow. On the 21st, the actual observation begins. And the real pleasure begins!

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Hikari no Michi at Miyajidake Jinjya

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http://miyajidake-news.com/sightseeing/20151008

There is a shrine in Fukutsu-shi, Fukuoka-ken with a shimenawa said to be, at 5 tons, the largest in Japan. Not only that, it is known for a spectacular sunset phenomenon. Set on the slope of Miyajidake, the Miyajidake Jinjya 宮地嶽神社 overlooking the city faces west toward the Japan Sea. A long flight of steps leads up to the main torii. From the shrine, the path seems to lead directly to the sea and Ai-no-shima island. This is the Hikari no Michi, the Path of Light.

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Twice a year, the sun will set along a line connecting the shrine, the torii, the entrance path, the beach, and the island. The dates are around the 20th of October and February.  The Festival of the Setting Sun is held to commemorate the time when ancestors will come to sit between this world and the other world. At night the way is lit by 3,000 bamboo lamps on which prayers are written.

Chika-san visited the shrine on February 18, a few days early to avoid the expected large crowds. Her photos show the haiden with shimenawa and the view of the promenade from the torii to the sea. Finally, the sun sinks into the sea behind the Ai-no-shima, and night falls. The alignment will be straighter two or three days later as the sun moves further north.

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The shrine has prepared a colorful brochure here,  http://www.miyajidake.or.jp/images/en/booklet.pdf

The reason for Chika-san’s and our interest in this solar event has to do with its closeness in time to the 10/23 and 2/19 astronomical cross-quarter observations at Kanayama Megaliths. These dates are around 60 days before and after the winter solstice. Observations made on cross-quarter dates assist in the determination of the winter solstice day. Further, careful data collection can also help determine a leap-year calendar. However, we have yet to find an astronomical purpose behind building the shrine to create the Hikari no Michi alignment. Yet, it does make for a splendid sight twice a year!

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Egyptian Astronomy: 2. The Causeways of the Pyramids

800px-giza_pyramid_complex_map-svg[Map of Egyptian Monuments by MesserWoland, Wikipedia]

Causeways and their Orientations

Causeways, now much in ruins, were once covered walkways leading from the east to the temples of the pyramids. They were beautifully decorated with star patterns. We found them to be of interest and possible relevance to the Kanayama Calendar because of their orientations.

From northernmost pyramid, the three pyramid causeways point in the following directions. See Fig. 61.

Khufu’s:  14 degrees north of east

Khafre’s:  14 degrees south of east

Menkaure’s:  due east

What is the significance of these orientations?

Causeways and Cross-quarters

At the 30 degrees north latitude of Giza, the summer solstice direction is 28 degrees north of east, while the winter solstice direction is 28 degrees south of east. The 14 degree alignments means that the causeways point in directions of the summer and winter cross-quarters of the sun’s path. See Fig. 65 and http://wp.me/p6j8iM-dc.

Why?

Cross-quarter Solar Observations?

Were the Egyptian causeways used for making solar observations on cross-quarter dates? We seriously doubt it. The ancient Egyptians used their knowledge of astronomy and built the causeways along with the other monuments. Then they covered the causeways with ceilings for those walking those corridors. Those ceilings would not allow the use of causeways for solar observations.

Winter Causeway

Yet, the causeways symbolized the directions to important astronomical phenomena at the time of Zep Tepi. The winter causeway of Khafre points to the sun rising at the breast of Leo, while the view of Leo matches the head and shoulders of the Sphinx. Again, the sky is imaged on the earth. See Fig. 66.

Summer Causeway

What of the other causeway? The authors of The Message of the Sphinx do not comment on its astronomical nor ritual meaning. However, the figures in the book show that this is the direction to the Virgo constellation at The First Time. Virgo may be the symbol of Isis, consort of Osiris. The reason that the causeways can point to two adjacent constellations (usually 30 degrees apart) is that the solstitial directions are nearly 30 degrees (actually 28 degrees). The two cross-quarter directions are separated by nearly 30 degrees and point to Leo and Virgo.

The Great Year

The ancient Egyptians were familiar with the Great Year of 25,920 years due to the precession of the axis of the earth. Their Zep Tepi occured half a Great Year ago from our own time, around 10,500 BCE.  See Fig. 74. The Sphinx and then the Giza pyramids were constructed in a magnificent plan to commemorate Zep Tepi. They form one of the most splendid monuments on earth. No doubt elaborate ceremonies honored the First Time and the connection between sky and earth for vast periods of time.

Orion is now nearly at the “top” of its great cycle. Is it not fitting that these discoveries are being made half a Great Cycle after the First Time of Zep Tepi?

Concluding Remarks about Egyptian and Kanayama Monuments

The Egyptian monuments are an intricate systems design. So are the Kanayama Megaliths, with their three coordinated sites and dozens of observations which together produce the super-accurate Kanayama Solar Calendar. These two systems have different purposes, yet both are remarkable achievements of the human consciousness that conceived and executed the plans.

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Egyptian Astronomy: 1. The Sphinx and Zep Tepi

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Great Sphinx, Wikipedia

Monuments of Ancient Egypt

We, at Kanayama Megaliths, have been studying the Egyptian monuments in order to understand their megalithic calendar. The Message of the Sphinx has been an excellent resource. 

Ref:  The Message of the Sphinx by Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval, 1996.

This book shows that the Great Sphinx and the Giza pyramids are a system and a monument to Zep Tepi, The First Time. The authors explain what it means in astronomical terms. Sifting through physical evidence and running astronomical software to visualize ancient skies, they came to stunning conclusions. We will refer to figures from their book.

Giza Pyramids

All Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids, Wikipedia

Please keep in mind that the great Giza pyramids were never intended to serve as tombs. They were places of high initiation, of preparation of the pharaoh into immortality when his soul after death joins the stars in the sky.

Zep Tepi

Zep Tepi, The First Time, is often refered to in the Egyptian texts, “the remote epoch when the gods were believed to have come to earth and established their kingdom in Egypt.” (p. 79). In the authors’ view, the First Time refers to the time long ago when Orion was at its lowest meridian point, just above the horizon toward the south. Now Orion appears quite high in the sky although it is still a southern constellation. The apparent movement of Orion in the sky is due to the earth’s precession cycle which is of duration 25,920 years. See Fig. 58 in the book.

Hancock and Bauval determined that this took place around 10,500 BCE. The leonine Sphinx may have been built at that time to face its image, the stellar constellation Leo, when the sun rose on vernal equinox morning.

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Leo Constellation, Wikimedia Commons

As for the Giza pyramids, they were built about eight millenia later. However, they follow a plan that is connected to and consistent with the Sphinx. Thus there is a Giza system or a Giza Plan.

Giza Ground Plan

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Orion Constellation

http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2011/03/11/know-know-know-kno-know-know-y/

Hancock and Bauval show that the ground plan of the three great pyramids matches the pattern of three stars in Orion’s belt, while the Nile River represents the Milky Way galaxy in the sky. As the axiom goes, “As Above, so Below.” Orion is the stellar symbol of Osiris; Sirius is the symbol of his consort Isis.

Astronomical Conjunctions of Giza

The significant conjunctions of the Giza system at the time of Zep Tepi, 10,500 BCE are (see Fig. 30):

* Vernal equinox at dawn,

– The sun rises in Leo (conjunction of sun and Leo), and the Sphinx gazes at this conjunction in the east.

– At the same moment, Orion transits the meridian. This is mirrored by the three great pyramids.

* Summer solstice at dawn,

– The Milky Way is nearly vertical in the eastern sky.

– Orion transits the meridian 3.5 hours later. See Fig. 36.

* Conjunction of Sirius with the horizon:  Around 11,500 to 10,500 BCE Sirius appears for the first time in the sky, just above the horizon almost due south; it is seen only as far north as the Giza latitude of 30 degrees north. Sirius could not be seen from here before this time period;  the proper motion of Sirius in space has brought it into view.

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