Tag Archives: pyramids

Egyptian Astronomy: 2. The Causeways of the Pyramids

800px-giza_pyramid_complex_map-svg[Map of Egyptian Monuments by MesserWoland, Wikipedia]

Causeways and their Orientations

Causeways, now much in ruins, were once covered walkways leading from the east to the temples of the pyramids. They were beautifully decorated with star patterns. We found them to be of interest and possible relevance to the Kanayama Calendar because of their orientations.

From northernmost pyramid, the three pyramid causeways point in the following directions. See Fig. 61.

Khufu’s:  14 degrees north of east

Khafre’s:  14 degrees south of east

Menkaure’s:  due east

What is the significance of these orientations?

Causeways and Cross-quarters

At the 30 degrees north latitude of Giza, the summer solstice direction is 28 degrees north of east, while the winter solstice direction is 28 degrees south of east. The 14 degree alignments means that the causeways point in directions of the summer and winter cross-quarters of the sun’s path. See Fig. 65 and http://wp.me/p6j8iM-dc.


Cross-quarter Solar Observations?

Were the Egyptian causeways used for making solar observations on cross-quarter dates? We seriously doubt it. The ancient Egyptians used their knowledge of astronomy and built the causeways along with the other monuments. Then they covered the causeways with ceilings for those walking those corridors. Those ceilings would not allow the use of causeways for solar observations.

Winter Causeway

Yet, the causeways symbolized the directions to important astronomical phenomena at the time of Zep Tepi. The winter causeway of Khafre points to the sun rising at the breast of Leo, while the view of Leo matches the head and shoulders of the Sphinx. Again, the sky is imaged on the earth. See Fig. 66.

Summer Causeway

What of the other causeway? The authors of The Message of the Sphinx do not comment on its astronomical nor ritual meaning. However, the figures in the book show that this is the direction to the Virgo constellation at The First Time. Virgo may be the symbol of Isis, consort of Osiris. The reason that the causeways can point to two adjacent constellations (usually 30 degrees apart) is that the solstitial directions are nearly 30 degrees (actually 28 degrees). The two cross-quarter directions are separated by nearly 30 degrees and point to Leo and Virgo.

The Great Year

The ancient Egyptians were familiar with the Great Year of 25,920 years due to the precession of the axis of the earth. Their Zep Tepi occured half a Great Year ago from our own time, around 10,500 BCE.  See Fig. 74. The Sphinx and then the Giza pyramids were constructed in a magnificent plan to commemorate Zep Tepi. They form one of the most splendid monuments on earth. No doubt elaborate ceremonies honored the First Time and the connection between sky and earth for vast periods of time.

Orion is now nearly at the “top” of its great cycle. Is it not fitting that these discoveries are being made half a Great Cycle after the First Time of Zep Tepi?

Concluding Remarks about Egyptian and Kanayama Monuments

The Egyptian monuments are an intricate systems design. So are the Kanayama Megaliths, with their three coordinated sites and dozens of observations which together produce the super-accurate Kanayama Solar Calendar. These two systems have different purposes, yet both are remarkable achievements of the human consciousness that conceived and executed the plans.



Egyptian Astronomy: 1. The Sphinx and Zep Tepi


Great Sphinx, Wikipedia

Monuments of Ancient Egypt

We, at Kanayama Megaliths, have been studying the Egyptian monuments in order to understand their megalithic calendar. The Message of the Sphinx has been an excellent resource. 

Ref:  The Message of the Sphinx by Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval, 1996.

This book shows that the Great Sphinx and the Giza pyramids are a system and a monument to Zep Tepi, The First Time. The authors explain what it means in astronomical terms. Sifting through physical evidence and running astronomical software to visualize ancient skies, they came to stunning conclusions. We will refer to figures from their book.

Giza Pyramids

All Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids, Wikipedia

Please keep in mind that the great Giza pyramids were never intended to serve as tombs. They were places of high initiation, of preparation of the pharaoh into immortality when his soul after death joins the stars in the sky.

Zep Tepi

Zep Tepi, The First Time, is often refered to in the Egyptian texts, “the remote epoch when the gods were believed to have come to earth and established their kingdom in Egypt.” (p. 79). In the authors’ view, the First Time refers to the time long ago when Orion was at its lowest meridian point, just above the horizon toward the south. Now Orion appears quite high in the sky although it is still a southern constellation. The apparent movement of Orion in the sky is due to the earth’s precession cycle which is of duration 25,920 years. See Fig. 58 in the book.

Hancock and Bauval determined that this took place around 10,500 BCE. The leonine Sphinx may have been built at that time to face its image, the stellar constellation Leo, when the sun rose on vernal equinox morning.


Leo Constellation, Wikimedia Commons

As for the Giza pyramids, they were built about eight millenia later. However, they follow a plan that is connected to and consistent with the Sphinx. Thus there is a Giza system or a Giza Plan.

Giza Ground Plan


Orion Constellation


Hancock and Bauval show that the ground plan of the three great pyramids matches the pattern of three stars in Orion’s belt, while the Nile River represents the Milky Way galaxy in the sky. As the axiom goes, “As Above, so Below.” Orion is the stellar symbol of Osiris; Sirius is the symbol of his consort Isis.

Astronomical Conjunctions of Giza

The significant conjunctions of the Giza system at the time of Zep Tepi, 10,500 BCE are (see Fig. 30):

* Vernal equinox at dawn,

– The sun rises in Leo (conjunction of sun and Leo), and the Sphinx gazes at this conjunction in the east.

– At the same moment, Orion transits the meridian. This is mirrored by the three great pyramids.

* Summer solstice at dawn,

– The Milky Way is nearly vertical in the eastern sky.

– Orion transits the meridian 3.5 hours later. See Fig. 36.

* Conjunction of Sirius with the horizon:  Around 11,500 to 10,500 BCE Sirius appears for the first time in the sky, just above the horizon almost due south; it is seen only as far north as the Giza latitude of 30 degrees north. Sirius could not be seen from here before this time period;  the proper motion of Sirius in space has brought it into view.


Hida Koku Part 6. Jomon Pyramids and Rituals


Himurogatake, Kyoto (c) 2013



Kuromantayama (c) 2011


The information below on pyramid mountains and pyramid rituals is from:  http://www.geocities.jp/mb1527/N3-01-1hidakoku.html.


日本ピラミッド  Pyramids of Japan

In Hinomoto (old name for Japan) there are mountains that are said to be pyramids. Among them, on and around mountains, are 岩石祭祀遺構 boulder ritual remains. Fourteen of these pyramid mountains (and prefectures) are listed here.

大石神 Ooishigami(青森県 Aomori)・黒又山 Kuromantayama(秋田県 Akita)・

五葉山 Goyouzan(岩手県 Iwate)・千貫森 Sengenmori(福島県 Fukushima)・

尖山 Togariyama(富山県 Toyama)・位山 Kuraiyama(岐阜県 Gifu)・

石巻山 Ishinomakiyama(愛知県 Aichi)・東谷山 Tougokusan(愛知県 Aichi)・

三上山 Mikamiyama(滋賀県 Shiga)・三輪山 Miwayama(奈良県 Nara)・

日室ヶ嶽 Himurogatake(京都府 Kyoto)・葦嶽山 Ashitakeyama(広島県 Hiroshima)・

弥山 Misenyama(広島県 Hiroshima)・野貝原山 Nogaiharayama(広島県 Hiroshima)

[An annotated list of the above 14 pyramids and prefectures follows, not presented here. Then the text continues as below.]

To Hida from 越中国 Etchu province were conveyed many traditions that differ completely from other regions. These lore may seem to be occult as not many are in the academic tradition. However, they were spread from the nucleus of the region. Let us consider whether there is something here to become the nucleus, without being negative at the beginning.

ピラミッドは縄文祭祀   Jomon pyramid ritual

The center of the ritual is a pyramid. The Japanese pyramid is a mountain whose nature was modified by arranging the boulders; it is believed to have been used in sun rituals. There are many pyramids in East Japan where there are Jomon ruins in the vicinity. It is thought that these represent rituals of Jomon people. The Hida hidaki no mitama shizume ritual of Takaamahara is part of a sun faith. It was active at the time of Nigihayahi-no-Mikoto until the Yayoi era. Although he unified the Tokai and Kanto regions, they are a coastal area, whereas usually Jomon ruins are found close to mountains. Mononobe clan were settlers from along the Osaka Bay who made Yayoi settlements near the coast, and segregated from the Jomon people. Then they began to mix peacefully without friction.

However, that was not the case in inland areas. Jomon people made their sun faith using megalithic pyramids, so when Yayoi people tried to enter their land, friction arose. Shinano province struggled during the unification. Hida province is also a mountainous area and farming area is limited. The Jomon of Hida did not easily accept the unification.

Hida Takaamahara is believed in the lore to be the oldest dynasty in Japan. It can be argued that the Jomon people made a country in Hida. The Jomon people had flourished along Nyukawa with Norikuradake as their symbol. Because of climate change, they moved closer to Kuraiyama. The Jomon nation lasted for over two thousand years. Their stories became legends in Takenouchi and Hotsuma documents.

Hida is still a region where many have inherited the blood of Jomon. Jomon people were living in the mainstream, then the Yayoi people entered. The Jomon did not have any people referred to as king. However there were leaders in Hida that were called 上方様 Uakatasama, who probably led rituals mainly in the Jinzu river basin.

When did the Hida kingdom exist? It is completely unknown. It has been reported that the center moved, due to climate change, from around Norikura to around Kuraiyama. Since the great climate change for Jomon is about 4500 years ago, it may have been around that time. In the Takenouchi document there has been a Ugaya dynasty of 72 generations before Jimmu Tenno. In the Kuki document there has been a 1200 year history of 72 generations. Ugaya may have been written down in place of the Hida dynasty. As more and more people flowed in during the Yayoi era, the Hida people faced confrontation.