Tag Archives: summer solstice

Summer Solstice.  June 21, 2017

DSC03812 Summer solstice mornng

Summer solstice day, June 21, 2017, was drizzly all day. There was no hope of seeing a spotlight. However, we went to the megaliths anyway. And we were glad we did.

The megaliths were dark and glistening with rain. They were absolutely magnificent!

Looking down into the upper grotto, the signboard is seen but it is quite dark inside.

DSC03820 Upper grotto is darkDSC03822 umbrella dayDSC03845 Children between Stones A and B

So let’s run in the drizzle instead!

Children amongst the boulders, little ones and the giants.

We found a carpet of wet leaves — and an astonishing type of plant!

DSC03827 wet leaves

DSC03826 unusual plants

 

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Egyptian Astronomy: 2. The Causeways of the Pyramids

800px-giza_pyramid_complex_map-svg[Map of Egyptian Monuments by MesserWoland, Wikipedia]

Causeways and their Orientations

Causeways, now much in ruins, were once covered walkways leading from the east to the temples of the pyramids. They were beautifully decorated with star patterns. We found them to be of interest and possible relevance to the Kanayama Calendar because of their orientations.

From northernmost pyramid, the three pyramid causeways point in the following directions. See Fig. 61.

Khufu’s:  14 degrees north of east

Khafre’s:  14 degrees south of east

Menkaure’s:  due east

What is the significance of these orientations?

Causeways and Cross-quarters

At the 30 degrees north latitude of Giza, the summer solstice direction is 28 degrees north of east, while the winter solstice direction is 28 degrees south of east. The 14 degree alignments means that the causeways point in directions of the summer and winter cross-quarters of the sun’s path. See Fig. 65 and http://wp.me/p6j8iM-dc.

Why?

Cross-quarter Solar Observations?

Were the Egyptian causeways used for making solar observations on cross-quarter dates? We seriously doubt it. The ancient Egyptians used their knowledge of astronomy and built the causeways along with the other monuments. Then they covered the causeways with ceilings for those walking those corridors. Those ceilings would not allow the use of causeways for solar observations.

Winter Causeway

Yet, the causeways symbolized the directions to important astronomical phenomena at the time of Zep Tepi. The winter causeway of Khafre points to the sun rising at the breast of Leo, while the view of Leo matches the head and shoulders of the Sphinx. Again, the sky is imaged on the earth. See Fig. 66.

Summer Causeway

What of the other causeway? The authors of The Message of the Sphinx do not comment on its astronomical nor ritual meaning. However, the figures in the book show that this is the direction to the Virgo constellation at The First Time. Virgo may be the symbol of Isis, consort of Osiris. The reason that the causeways can point to two adjacent constellations (usually 30 degrees apart) is that the solstitial directions are nearly 30 degrees (actually 28 degrees). The two cross-quarter directions are separated by nearly 30 degrees and point to Leo and Virgo.

The Great Year

The ancient Egyptians were familiar with the Great Year of 25,920 years due to the precession of the axis of the earth. Their Zep Tepi occured half a Great Year ago from our own time, around 10,500 BCE.  See Fig. 74. The Sphinx and then the Giza pyramids were constructed in a magnificent plan to commemorate Zep Tepi. They form one of the most splendid monuments on earth. No doubt elaborate ceremonies honored the First Time and the connection between sky and earth for vast periods of time.

Orion is now nearly at the “top” of its great cycle. Is it not fitting that these discoveries are being made half a Great Cycle after the First Time of Zep Tepi?

Concluding Remarks about Egyptian and Kanayama Monuments

The Egyptian monuments are an intricate systems design. So are the Kanayama Megaliths, with their three coordinated sites and dozens of observations which together produce the super-accurate Kanayama Solar Calendar. These two systems have different purposes, yet both are remarkable achievements of the human consciousness that conceived and executed the plans.

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Egyptian Astronomy: 1. The Sphinx and Zep Tepi

great_sphinx_of_giza_-_20080716a

Great Sphinx, Wikipedia

Monuments of Ancient Egypt

We, at Kanayama Megaliths, have been studying the Egyptian monuments in order to understand their megalithic calendar. The Message of the Sphinx has been an excellent resource. 

Ref:  The Message of the Sphinx by Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval, 1996.

This book shows that the Great Sphinx and the Giza pyramids are a system and a monument to Zep Tepi, The First Time. The authors explain what it means in astronomical terms. Sifting through physical evidence and running astronomical software to visualize ancient skies, they came to stunning conclusions. We will refer to figures from their book.

Giza Pyramids

All Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids, Wikipedia

Please keep in mind that the great Giza pyramids were never intended to serve as tombs. They were places of high initiation, of preparation of the pharaoh into immortality when his soul after death joins the stars in the sky.

Zep Tepi

Zep Tepi, The First Time, is often refered to in the Egyptian texts, “the remote epoch when the gods were believed to have come to earth and established their kingdom in Egypt.” (p. 79). In the authors’ view, the First Time refers to the time long ago when Orion was at its lowest meridian point, just above the horizon toward the south. Now Orion appears quite high in the sky although it is still a southern constellation. The apparent movement of Orion in the sky is due to the earth’s precession cycle which is of duration 25,920 years. See Fig. 58 in the book.

Hancock and Bauval determined that this took place around 10,500 BCE. The leonine Sphinx may have been built at that time to face its image, the stellar constellation Leo, when the sun rose on vernal equinox morning.

leo_constellation_map

Leo Constellation, Wikimedia Commons

As for the Giza pyramids, they were built about eight millenia later. However, they follow a plan that is connected to and consistent with the Sphinx. Thus there is a Giza system or a Giza Plan.

Giza Ground Plan

orion

Orion Constellation

http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2011/03/11/know-know-know-kno-know-know-y/

Hancock and Bauval show that the ground plan of the three great pyramids matches the pattern of three stars in Orion’s belt, while the Nile River represents the Milky Way galaxy in the sky. As the axiom goes, “As Above, so Below.” Orion is the stellar symbol of Osiris; Sirius is the symbol of his consort Isis.

Astronomical Conjunctions of Giza

The significant conjunctions of the Giza system at the time of Zep Tepi, 10,500 BCE are (see Fig. 30):

* Vernal equinox at dawn,

– The sun rises in Leo (conjunction of sun and Leo), and the Sphinx gazes at this conjunction in the east.

– At the same moment, Orion transits the meridian. This is mirrored by the three great pyramids.

* Summer solstice at dawn,

– The Milky Way is nearly vertical in the eastern sky.

– Orion transits the meridian 3.5 hours later. See Fig. 36.

* Conjunction of Sirius with the horizon:  Around 11,500 to 10,500 BCE Sirius appears for the first time in the sky, just above the horizon almost due south; it is seen only as far north as the Giza latitude of 30 degrees north. Sirius could not be seen from here before this time period;  the proper motion of Sirius in space has brought it into view.

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Summer Solstice 2016

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Looking toward rising sun from inside lower grotto of Senkoku-ishi.

All photos are copyright of Shiho Tokuda, 2016.

Kanayama Megaliths made its latest post about summer solstice on June 27. You can find it here on the blogsite,  http://blog.livedoor.jp/kanayama_tour-kanayamamegaliths/archives/1058824709.htmlSince it is written in Japanese, we asked Shiho Tokuda for permission to show you some of her photos with our brief explanations. 

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Summer solstice arrived at Kanayama Megaliths on June 22, 2016. Three days before, namely June 19, sun rose around 5:40 from the mountains behind clouds. Although its light could be seen between the two megaliths, the sun barely lit a dim path between them (left photo).

The Senkoku-ishi site for summer solstice observations is seen in the early hazy light (above right). By 6:30 the clouds had moved away and sunlight cast a shadow of one megalith upon another (lower right). Note that in the lower right corner of the photo, sun is shining on the entrance to the lower grotto, and here’s a close-up (below). Normally, since this is the rainy season, the floor of the grotto would be filled with rainwater. Fortunately this year, it was dry.

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June 22, summer solstice day. The day dawned bright and clear. At 11:40 in the upper grotto, the beam of sunlight reached the floor and cast a beautiful oval spotlight. The shape, as usual, matched the shape carved on the outside of the megalith.

Summer solstice arrived 31 days after the dashed spotlight! The Kanayama Megaliths solar calendar still works!

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This upper grotto is the same observation location as for the dashed spotlight of May 21 which we reported upon earlier. You can see the triangular stone at the top of the photo.

The large photo at the top of this page shows how the rising sun looks from inside the lower grotto.

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